I love this breakdown of Kata and how the first step of visualizing the end goal is chronologically last. The 4th state of obstacles repeats so that you’re slowly moving from the current state to the incrementally defined “target condition on the way to perfection.”

Kata also emphasizes mentorship and learning above a laundry list of required skills or specific results.

File: 4.21 3.45pm Poppendieck WhatsWrongWithTargets.pdf